Hydropower, or hydroelectric power, is one of the largest sources of renewable energy, which uses the natural flow of moving water to generate electricity. Hydropower currently accounts for 60% of total renewable Energy. Hydro energy generated by water motion (kinetic energy) throws on turbine (Mechanical Energy) which generate the Electric Energy.
Hydro Energy is clean in nature and reduces the carbon emissions . For generating Hydro Energy many government building multi purpose dams , in which water stored in rainy season. these water benefits us in several steps like 1st use for electricity generation, then for irrigation, also for fish farming and ground water recharge is other benefits.
Here are a few advantages of hydropower plants :
- Water is available throughout the year
- Operational and maintenance cost is lower than other power plants
- The cost of fuel is nil
- Hydro Plants are made for multiple purposes
- The requirement of working staff is less. The cost of expenses is lower as compared to other plants.
Three Gorges Dam, Yangtze River, China (Largest Dam in The World)
Quatinah Barrage / Lake Homs Dam, Syria (Oldest Dam in the World)
Parker Dam, California, USA (Deepest Dam in the World)